長期自卑可能導致抑郁
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-12-09 08:10 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
Low self-esteem makes us feel bad about ourselves. But did you know that over time it also can cause the development of serious mental conditions such as depression?
 
自卑讓人自我感覺極差。你知道嗎,長期自卑會導致抑郁等嚴重的精神問題。
 
Self-esteem is, very simply, the set of feelings you have about yourself. It's developed by your experiences, thoughts, feelings, and relationships.
 
Unlike self-knowledge, which refers to how much you know about yourself, the core of self-esteem is formed around whether you like yourself or not. 
 
Depression is much more than just feeling sad. It saps your energy, makes everyday activities difficult and interferes1 with your eating and sleeping patterns. Psychotherapy and/or medication are highly effective in treating depression. 
 
There are several types of depressive disorders3, including major depression, persistent4 depressive disorder2, psychotic depression, postpartum depression, and seasonal5 affective disorder (SAD). 
 
Clinicians use low self-esteem as one possible symptom when they diagnose the psychiatric condition of major depressive disorder. They don't necessarily care whether low self-esteem causes the depression or vice6 versa.
 
However, personality researchers have long wondered about the chicken-and-egg problem of self-esteem and depression. Certainly, if you dislike yourself, you'll be more likely to be depressed7. Conversely, if you're depressed, you'll be more likely to feel bad about who you are as a person.
 
The only way to disentangle the highly related concepts of self-esteem and depression is through longitudinal research, in which people are followed up over time. A study on depression, conducted by University of Basel researchers Julia Sowislo and Ulrich Orth, contrasted the competing directions of self-esteem to depression vs depression to self-esteem.
 
The findings almost all overwhelmingly support the vulnerability model of self-esteem and depression. Over time, low self-esteem is a risk factor for depression, regardless of who is tested and how. The study indicated that low self-esteem causes depression but not vice versa.
 
Therefore, if a person has low self-esteem, there's an increased risk of developing depression. This is a very important discovery because it shows that improving a person's self-esteem can make him or her feel better.


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 interferes ab8163b252fe52454ada963fa857f890     
vi. 妨礙,沖突,干涉
參考例句:
  • The noise interferes with my work. 這噪音妨礙我的工作。
  • That interferes with my plan. 那干擾了我的計劃。
2 disorder Et1x4     
n.紊亂,混亂;騷動,騷亂;疾病,失調
參考例句:
  • When returning back,he discovered the room to be in disorder.回家后,他發現屋子里亂七八糟。
  • It contained a vast number of letters in great disorder.里面七零八落地裝著許多信件。
3 disorders 6e49dcafe3638183c823d3aa5b12b010     
n.混亂( disorder的名詞復數 );凌亂;騷亂;(身心、機能)失調
參考例句:
  • Reports of anorexia and other eating disorders are on the increase. 據報告,厭食癥和其他飲食方面的功能紊亂發生率正在不斷增長。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • The announcement led to violent civil disorders. 這項宣布引起劇烈的騷亂。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
4 persistent BSUzg     
adj.堅持不懈的,執意的;持續的
參考例句:
  • Albert had a persistent headache that lasted for three days.艾伯特連續頭痛了三天。
  • She felt embarrassed by his persistent attentions.他不時地向她大獻殷勤,使她很難為情。
5 seasonal LZ1xE     
adj.季節的,季節性的
參考例句:
  • The town relies on the seasonal tourist industry for jobs.這個城鎮依靠季節性旅游業提供就業機會。
  • The hors d'oeuvre is seasonal vegetables.餐前小吃是應時蔬菜。
6 vice NU0zQ     
n.壞事;惡習;[pl.]臺鉗,老虎鉗;adj.副的
參考例句:
  • He guarded himself against vice.他避免染上壞習慣。
  • They are sunk in the depth of vice.他們墮入了罪惡的深淵。
7 depressed xu8zp9     
adj.沮喪的,抑郁的,不景氣的,蕭條的
參考例句:
  • When he was depressed,he felt utterly divorced from reality.他心情沮喪時就感到完全脫離了現實。
  • His mother was depressed by the sad news.這個壞消息使他的母親意志消沉。
上一篇:純素食并不能更環保 下一篇:沒有了
TAG標簽: disorder mental depression
發表評論
請自覺遵守互聯網相關的政策法規,嚴禁發布色情、暴力、反動的言論。
評價:
表情:
驗證碼:點擊我更換圖片
北单开奖sp几点公布